What Does “Organic” Mean, and Should You Buy Organic Foods?

What Does “Organic” Mean, and Should You Buy Organic Foods?

[♪ INTRO] You’re at the supermarket, and you need to
pick up a few ingredients for your favorite stew. Do you buy the organic carrots,
potatoes and beef? Or do you skip the upcharge and
stick with the conventional stuff? There’s a lot of confusion
over what organic means, and whether it makes sense
to buy food with that label. Legally, organic food has to meet a variety
of regulations having to do with how it was produced, including no synthetic fertilizers,
no antibiotics or hormones, no food irradiation or genetic engineering, and most appetizing
of all, no sewage sludge. Which might sound good. Less sewage sludge, that’s always better. But whether these regulations are actually
meaningful isn’t always clear. So far, there’s no evidence that organic
foods are healthier, as many people claim. And while they do offer some environmental
benefits, they also come with some costs. So today, we’re diving into the complicated
world of organic farming to help you make sense of the labels and figure out what should
make it into your grocery cart. To chemists, of course, “organic” means
a molecule or compound that has carbon in it. But when you’re talking about food from
the grocery store, “organic” is a legal term for marketing purposes. Without a standards program, anyone could
use that word and it would be meaningless. In the U.S., organic certification requires
farmers to grow crops without chemical fertilizers and to use a limited number of pesticides. They also have to rotate crops, which is basically
growing different plants on the same plot of land throughout the year. And they can’t grow GMOs, or genetically
modified organisms. This generally means they’ve had
their DNA altered in a lab, often by adding a new gene
from a different organism. For meat and dairy products to qualify as
organic, the animals must be given organic feed. Cows and other ruminants that naturally eat
grass have to be able to graze for at least a third of the year, and animals like pigs and
chickens need to have the option to go outside. Just like me, I have the option, do I take
it? Vets also can’t give these animals antibiotics
or growth hormones. And there are a few other quirky provisions, like
not using certain food sterilization techniques, and specific terminology if you’re only using
some organic ingredients in your product. But that’s the gist. The rules are similar in other nations, enough that many countries have so-called equivalency agreements that allow organic food in one
nation to count as organic in another, although there are exceptions. The U.S., for instance, has equivalency agreements
with Canada, the EU, and Japan. Now, the whole idea of organic food is to
be easier on the planet. And in many ways, organic food does that. No chemical fertilizers means organic farmers
typically use manure as a source of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Plants need these nutrients to grow, to make amino
acids, DNA, and cell membranes, for example. And normal soil doesn’t have enough to support
crop-level growth. Hence, fertilizer. Manure is less environmentally damaging because
it takes a lot of energy to make chemical fertilizers, especially the nitrogen-rich
ones. They’re one of the largest sources of carbon
emissions in the whole farming process. And because manure breaks down more slowly
than chemical fertilizers in soil, the nutrients are released more gradually. So with manure, there’s less nitrogen-rich
runoff polluting nearby streams and rivers, which lets algae overgrow and kill off fish
and other creatures. Less runoff is one of the big selling points
of organic agriculture. Crop rotation cuts down on soil erosion and
helps with soil quality, too. That’s because growing the same plant again
and again saps specific nutrients from the soil. But if you rotate plants with slightly different
chemical needs, no one nutrient runs especially low. Rotation also reduces the needs for pesticides
because no pest can get especially comfy. Some research also suggests organic farming
can support more biodiversity, because fewer pesticides means a more diverse
mix of plants and animals can hang around. But the results vary depending on the crop
and the conditions, so this finding isn’t for sure. All these benefits are great,
and of course non-certified farms can and do practice these kinds of things too. But there are also real downsides to organic
farming approaches. The biggest of these has to do with yield. Using different fertilizers and being more
susceptible to pests means organic farms aren’t as productive as conventional farms. And that cuts down on how environmentally
friendly they are. Because of lower yields, experts estimate
that it takes about 25% more farmland to grow organic food than to grow
the same amount of regular food. And that space could theoretically be left
as a natural forest or other ecosystem. So even though skipping the chemical fertilizer
helps with greenhouse gas emissions, these reduced yields mean organic
farms aren’t chipping away at the total carbon footprint
as much as you might think. Even with researchers still looking into it,
it’s hard to say exactly how much. Even if we wanted, we couldn’t just
switch all farming over to organic because we wouldn’t be able
to feed the entire planet. Ultimately, this comes down to the fact
that we wouldn’t be able to make enough manure or other organic fertilizers. Like, it takes a lot of farmland to raise
animals that make gobs of nutritious poop. Some of the standards that
define organic foods in the U.S. aren’t necessarily helping with sustainability,
either. Take the ban on GMOs. GMOs have a bad reputation, but as we’ve
talked about before here on SciShow, they’re not inherently bad. And they have a lot of potential to reduce
the amount of chemicals needed to grow food. Or sewer sludge. It seems obvious
that sewage and food don’t mix. But it turns out that using carefully
treated sewage, known as biosolids, might actually be good for
farms and the environment. Crops are especially good at absorbing the
nitrogen and phosphorus in biosolids, so there’s less runoff
than with traditional fertilizer. And, since people poop anyway, we don’t
need to increase carbon emissions by making synthetic fertilizer or use more land
to rear animals for a bunch of manure. In this case, the organics label prevents
a sustainable farming practice, which is kind of a waste. Now, besides caring about the
environment, which we should all do, people sometimes buy organic food
because it sounds healthier. But there is no evidence that organic food has
more nutrients or is better for you in any way. Scientists have checked this repeatedly,
since it does make sense that if you have slightly better soil,
maybe you’ll get a better apple or pepper. But if you think about it more, that’s asking
a lot from a relatively small change. A few studies have found slightly
higher levels of certain nutrients, such as antioxidants in produce. But it’s not clear that it’s enough to
be a health benefit. And, to be totally transparent, those results
have tended to be funded by the organics industry. A 2012 systematic review of 240 studies, for example, didn’t find any significant differences in
vitamins or minerals in foods grown with organic and traditional methods, except for one. Phosphorus was higher in organic foods, but it’s unlikely that that difference
would matter for us anyway. Phosphorus is in a lot of foods,
and deficiencies are really rare. So there’s no compelling case to be made
that organic food is better for you. So don’t kid yourself. Eating a whole organic
cake is just as bad for you as eating any whole cake, and you don’t get an extra boost by
chowing down on an organic banana. The one area where organics do beat conventional
foods health-wise is pesticides. But the difference may not be all that meaningful. When tested for pesticide residue,
organic food usually comes back with fewer than conventional crops,
which makes sense. The whole idea is to use fewer inputs, including
pesticides, to grow food. But it’s not zero. The review found that about 7% of the organic
foods they tested had detectable pesticides, compared to 38% of conventional foods. It’s possible these small differences matter, but
from everything we currently know, it’s unlikely. Virtually all foods are still within the
EPA’s safety limits for pesticides, no matter how they’re produced, which
we’ve talked about in another video. And you should still be washing all your fruits
and veggies to minimize exposure. In terms of preventing food poisoning, organic
food also seems to match conventional food. In fact, it turns out that organic regulations
forbid a perfectly good technique that could protect us against foodborne illness called
food irradiation. It’s not used much in conventional food,
either, but some food scientists think it should be used much more widely. Irradiation might sound scary, like, is my
grape gonna become a radioactive grape and then I’m gonna eat it and become Grape Man? but it’s not like the food becomes
radioactive and dangerous. The CDC, the WHO, and the USDA all agree that
food that’s been irradiated is safe. Basically, ionizing radiation is used to break
chemical bonds and kill contaminants like bacteria. That makes the food last longer and makes
it safer to eat. Irradiation doesn’t solve all problems, like, toxins can still build up in food
before a pathogen gets the axe. Plus, it can reduce some nutrients
and some people say it can change the taste
of foods ever so slightly. Because it reduces spoilage, it’s possible
irradiated food could be older when you buy it compared with non-irradiated food. Critics also say irradiation can cover up
poor farming practices. But the fact remains that irradiation is very
effective for food safety. If you want to avoid getting sick from something
you eat, it might be your best option. The proof is in the pudding; hospital pudding,
that is. Hospitals regularly irradiate food to make
sure patients with weakened immune systems don’t get taken down by a bit of Staph. NASA also irradiates the meat it sends into
space to feed astronauts. You know, because nobody wants
diarrhea in space. That sounds terrible. Irradiation is particularly useful for foods
that are hard to properly clean before eating, like sprouts, shellfish, and things like spices. In fact, in recent years, organic spices
have been a big food safety offender, because of contamination from
microbes like Salmonella. So, despite what you may have heard,
organic doesn’t always mean safer, and at the end of the day,
whether you should buy organic food isn’t a question science can definitely answer. You shouldn’t buy it because it’s healthier
or tastier, that much is clear. But the truth is that while organic food includes
some great sustainable farming practices, it excludes some others. That’s unfortunate, because if I’m going to
pay extra for an organic apple, I’d really like to know it’s eco-friendly. And right now, you can’t necessarily tell
that by looking at the label. Thanks for watching this episode of SciShow,
and thank you especially to our Patrons on patreon who make posting videos 7 days a week
possible. People sometimes ask us, is a dollar or two
on Patreon really helpful? Yes! Yes, it is. Over 2,000 people support SciShow
with a dollar a month and that adds up to a very important
part of our operating budget. We could not make this channel without our
Patrons, so thank you. [♪ OUTRO]

100 thoughts on “What Does “Organic” Mean, and Should You Buy Organic Foods?”

  1. If vegans get their way there would be considerably less farm animals being bred as no one would be using animal products so that would mean less manure for the crops.

  2. Do you realize "organic" food is grown the way agriculture was for hundreds of years? There's nothing organic in it.
    When I hear "organic food" I feel like someone is trying to convince me it's the latest invention, never seen before, whereas in fact the current abundant supply of food taught humanity to waste food at an unprecedented scale.

  3. organic means will not give you cancer and expensive. would you rather pay more at the store or pay in suffering of a terminal illness?

  4. The scientific definition of 'organic' is molecules containing carbon, from living matter. Pretty much everything in a grocery store is going to be organic.

  5. People over here complaining about the price of food that's less treated with poisons. Have you priced medical bills lately?

  6. As someone who was raised in the livestock sector, I have 1 question for those who think organic beef/poultry/pork is better. Organic also means free from antibiotics, which translates to farmers and ranchers being unable to give their livestock antibiotics in the event they fall ill. So, the farmer then has a choice, give the animal antibiotics and not be able to recoup profits or let the sick animal live and potentially infect the rest of the herd. If your child was ill, wouldn’t you give them antibiotics if you knew it would or could save their life?

  7. how would eating food with chemicals in it be just as healthy as ones without? organic food is obviously better because less chemicals is better.

  8. A new study just came out showing a link between frequent consumption of organic food and decreased risk of cancer : "Association of Frequency of Organic Food Consumption With Cancer Risk" (https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2707948 ). What are your thoughts about it?

  9. I'm surprised no one mentioned this.
    Organic to a chemist means a compound with Carbon bonded to Hydrogen.
    NaCO3 is inorganic, despite having Carbon.

  10. I wish you had talked about organic vs conventional meat more — the lack of growth hormones and antibiotics in organic meat seems like it would be an important health benefit. Maybe another video?

  11. Organic farms can be just as productive if not more productive thyan conventional farms. Check out Curtis stones and many others for example.

  12. Green manure would work and require far less land than manure, as you wouldn't need all that land to feed the animals. Stop breeding those animals and that would free up most of the crop land, as the vast majority of it is used to feed farmed animals. 10 to 20 calories of feed becomes one calorie of resultant food, so it is incredibly resource wasteful.

  13. Very informative video you shared. Actually we grow few fruits And vegetables organically for our personal use & for our patients. Few things we buy from genuine localorganic growers .

  14. Very informative video you shared. Actually we grow few fruits And vegetables organically for our personal use & for our patients. Few things we buy from genuine localorganic growers .

  15. I don't know if we're able to feed the entire planet using organic farming. But I would like to make it a point in this context that even if conventional farming is able to, and do, produce enough food to feed the planet several times over, we're still not actually able to. So I don't think it a valid argument, as much as I think it an argument to keep us from trying.

  16. "found that agricultural production provides the lion’s share of greenhouse-gas emissions from the food system, releasing up to 12,000 megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent a year — up to 86% of all food-related anthropogenic greenhouse-gas emissions."

    "These and other soil management practices convert carbon dioxide from the atmosphere into carbon stored in the soil, as highlighted in a study by soil experts from Colorado State and other universities."
    Links to Harvard in article.

    There's a lot of benefits to changing how we farm.

  17. "About 25% more land".

    That's not what the university of Michigan found when they went to farms and checked.

    "Researchers from the University of Michigan found that in developed countries, yields were almost equal on organic and conventional farms."

    "We were struck by how much food the organic farmers would produce".


    University of California – Berkeley

    Then we have to include the fact that billions have been poured into modifying plants for specific chemicals to increase yields, while in organic farming almost no research has been done to make new varieties of plants for better yields.

    Doesn't really seem like people are comparing apples to apples TBH.

  18. I worked on an organic farms….total scam….never buy organic…not environmental….uses deadly copper sulfate for a pesticide..never buy organic

  19. One reason I don't eat organic dairy product is because if a cow is sick it is very expensive for the farmer to treat her. If one cow gets sick all cows must be quarantined and checked out all milk must be thrown away so it's just cheaper to let the cow suffer. Many illnesses is also easily preventable but they can't get vaccinated. Seeing and hearing sick animals because of greed has really affected my decisions. Just fyi this is in Sweden.

  20. For organic farmers there's an innovative product that's Probiotics for plants which is 100% organic and improves crop yield.

  21. for a chemist "organic" of course means a molecule or a compound that has carbon in it
    i literally almost choked on food from laughing too hard at how non-chalantly this joke was delivered, thanks hank 😀

  22. https://www-washingtonpost-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.washingtonpost.com/amphtml/business/missouri-farmer-charged-in-140m-organic-grain-fraud-scheme/2018/12/19/a45dc1da-03d7-11e9-958c-0a601226ff6b_story.html?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQECAFYAQ%3D%3D#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.washingtonpost.com%2Fbusiness%2Fmissouri-farmer-charged-in-140m-organic-grain-fraud-scheme%2F2018%2F12%2F19%2Fa45dc1da-03d7-11e9-958c-0a601226ff6b_story.html

  23. No, no, no….no, NO — forget EVERYTHING you THINK you know (and that has been widely been established as fact) on organics: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=62hOPgMy6aY; https://goo.gl/9SH8Jq; https://goo.gl/19y8tk

  24. 6:10 – Organics ARE better for you in at least some ways. And the science HAS proven. You guys just didn't read the actual science. Switching to an organic diet has been shown to dramatically reduce the levels of pesticides in human urine. This is a fact and I would argue that it is a BENEFIT. L Oates, M Cohen, L Braun, A Schembri, R Taskova. Reduction in urinary organophosphate pesticide metabolites in adults after a week-long organic diet. Environ Res. 2014 Jul;132:105-11. C Lu, K Toepel, R Irish, R A Fenske, D B Barr, R Bravo. Organic diets significantly lower children's dietary exposure to organophosphorus pesticides. Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Feb;114(2):260-3.

  25. Sikkim a state in India has gone 100% organic for years now and till jow they haven't faced any of mentioned problems.
    There biodiversity has increased considerably, most rich biodiversity in India.
    Framers claim more yeilds.
    So my question is, is how organic farming done is real problem or organic farming itself?

  26. Why not criticize the food wastage by developed nations, why only target 10%-15% lower yeilds of organic farming.

    Our current food production is almost enough to satisfy a whole lot of hungry mouths only if so called developed nations start to be responsible.

    Why it is always that nobody looks at real reasons and criticize the solutions or methods trying to help.

  27. https://gardenofein.com
    Go to this link to know about ways to grow vegetables, fruits and to prevent them using fertilizers.

  28. Never buy organic produce…….they all use copper sulfate as a pesticide..it kills everything even the bees….it gets into the water supply…… Never buy ORGANIC. Plates of poison…a total scam

  29. Just buy tastier types of fruits and vegetables in order to stimulate their production, people! Lots and lots of sorts are getting out of the market because they have shorter shelf life or produce less.

  30. If you think you can not afford to go organic, consider the consequences of a chemically contaminated diet: [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jWgnkgYtqnw&t=3782s].
    Depending on where you live, there are discount grocery stores cropping up that retail organic produce and products. Research the information. Even Walmart carries some organics; from pastas and soups to poultry, and produce. Although you have to take the time to find them.

  31. I LOVE these videos! Do you guys think you could do a video about Botox? How it works, how safe it is etc.?

  32. This is a great video from a great channel, but to the public at large I have to say: please don't confuse fans of the 'precautionary principle' (caution in the presence of unquantified risks) with anti-vaxxers, anti-GMOers, or other proponents of anti-science behavior. And don't come away from this video with the impression that organic food is always just a waste of money.

    I apply the precautionary principle to feeding my kids. So I prefer organic foods (when practical & affordable) to reduce general exposure to pesticides, which are associated with neurological and autoimmune disorders, various cancers, and birth defects depending on exposure. I have no doubt that pesticide use in US agriculture is usually mostly safe (assuming effective regulation by the EPA and FDA). BUT the history of DDT, unleaded gasoline, and others show that it can take years for science to keep up with advances in industry, and it can take decades for policy to keep up with science. (The same story seems to be playing out right now with chlorpyrifos.)

    Science points us in the right direction, but we should remember that it is always a work in progress. And we should remember that science, industry, and policy are different pursuits with somewhat differing interests.

    In the end, uncertain risks with high potential damage force us into a value judgment. Would I spray DDT in my home if I lived somewhere with high malaria rates? Probably. Should I buy organic foods to achieve the ~80% reduction (not 100% – see 7:30) in detectable pesticides? Eh, I'm guessing maybe half the time.

    We are forced to guess since we don't have enough information to quantify the risks. But it's still a scientifically-informed conclusion that eating organic foods 'some of the time' is probably better than 'none of the time'.

  33. Listening to your reasons why organics are not good for us (lower yield, etc), makes me realize you must work for Monsanto. Hope you choke on the pesticides they use on plants, and growth hormones and antibiotics they pump into the chickens and cows.

  34. You didn't mention my number one reason for trying to choose organic when I can: pesticides are really harmful to the people who farm our food, and those people tend to be very poor and very vulnerable.

  35. Saludos queremos junto a todos ustedes innovadores transformar el mundo. https://www.facebook.com/michoacanorganics/


  36. So what i got from this is that i might gain superpowers by exposing myself to radiation whilst eating grapes . . . . . . . That seems wrong but who am i argue with syence.

  37. If pestcides kill bugs with body systems, that are similair to other live things, what do you think it does to a human & or animals body over years?Pesticides have been assocated with illness in studies. He said rotating crops can help higher levels of nurtrients that true be true food would be higher in nutrients.

  38. ORGANIC OR NOT 🤷🏽‍♀️

    Price Look Up sticker
    *produce is ORGANIC, the code will have 5/ digits starting with the number 9 ✅
    example: 93425
    ~GMO-GE fruits/veggies will start with the number 8✅
    Example: 81234 will be (five digits long)
    •Ionizing irradiation will start with 3✅
    Example: 34526
    Will try to confuse you
    ^Non organic will have just 4 numbers
    example: 4356
    []Means conventionally grown will have pesticides but might be “label” organic
    Pre-cut fruits,veggies will start 6✅
    Remember (foursix )starts the # will only have 4 numbers as well.

    The more u know 🌈
    Read labels, question everything!
    The deceitful marketer are betting on you not reading labels & not being knowledgeable 🤷🏽‍♀️
    GOOGLE, the damn word, is your health at RISK.

    Do u really think they care 🤦🏽‍♀️ is all about $ in their pockets .. & killing ur dumb ass

  39. Can we just forward this video to the USDA, FDA, EPA, etc. and have them change the labels to mean something useful for once in their histories?

  40. Orgarnic produce is day by day more important due to the necessity to protect and minimize the damage of the pesticides to the environment. Mostly developing countries have already organic vegetables but still they need to implement more technology, capacitation to become similar to the US, EU or Japan regulations.

  41. The greater argument against organic foods seems to me to be that we'd need to make a lot more of room for their crops so that they could feed everyone. Genuine question: Isn't the idea that we desperately need to produce a lot of food untrue? Do we not waste a lot of food? And if so, wouldn't introducing organics alongside better solutions to the food waste problem be the best solution?

  42. uh..your completely wrong about what can be labeled Organic..there are no regulations…not in the US anyway

  43. Probably the largest food poisoning outbreak in EU in recent years with lots of fatalities was caused by salmonella-contaminated "organic" sprouts.

  44. in response to the lie in 06:10 Organic Food might not have more Nutritional Value but at least it is less harmful to our health by cutting down on Chemicals and mutated Genetics in what you consume….how can you Argue with that!?

  45. I don't buy into "organic food" in general, although I will always buy "organic" eggs – in the UK, at least, "organic" means what you think of when you hear "free range". "Free range" hens are typically packed almost as tightly as caged hens, and often don't have practical access to the outdoors. Have a look at the Wikipedia page for a picture of "free range" hens, it's not pretty

  46. this is horrible at explaining WHY things are ok.. it says things like these groups say this thing is ok.. so believe that. i was hoping to find a scientific reason like these molecules dont bond to these things no matter how much you irradiate it…or something? just me?

  47. Where exactly did this organic dirt come from? Farms for years used pesticides and now all of a sudden they are organic? LOL dummies eating organic means that you are misinformed .The pesticides are on organic food they just use organic pest uses. I have friends who swear they can’t drink tap water, yet what’s in that organic food you claim is so great? TAP WATER fools. I’d rather drink tap water than that bottled water that probably sat int he factory for months soaking up that good old plastic toxins. I know people that eat soup from takeaway or fast food places, do you think that broth is from bottled water? How about organic? Wake up and use that SMART phone and stop using your DUMB statements. Your skin is your largest organ yet you soak it the tap water shower for a long time. Go figure

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  49. It seems to me that because of a mix of what's available and what a supermarket is willing to carry there are certain foods that are more or less consistently better tasting from the organic section as compared to its non-organic counterpart, green onions, tomatoes, garlic, just to name a few. The difference in taste is huge. The quality of tast in cooking is such that I can use a LOT less of the organic garlic than I would use of regular garlic. You're get it garlic that I've been able to find is Floral and Rich slightly sweet and believe it or not you can actually bite into it because it locks the acidity and bitterness of non-organic garlic. And I could go on about other vegetables, but I think a lot of it is just the way the market selects for availability. In the end though I have to challenge your assertion that you shouldn't choose organic for taste because if one is using less material to accomplish the same thing true Organics then one is having less of an impact on the environment.

  50. Sometimes "Organic" is sabotaged by those whom are sabotaging "Organic" to have food already broken down by other organs sometimes "transferred" andor "exchanged".
    This harm is done by "VIPs" whom "need to be supported" because they "sometimes aren't allowed to eat" andor "have to eat very specifically" sometimes "in large quantities" and sometimes theives water. Sometiemes blameing "Navy SEALs", "those whom exercise", and claims other's "have agreements and obligations" sometimes "to the United States" and "Legal Authorities" to "have this occur to them".
    Many whom care about limiting "Farm to Table" time are a part of this sabotage.
    The "Resilient Communities", "Christian Farming", and others who claim others are "not supporting themselves" and "this is why they must do this", and Anti-GMO groups also do this sabotage sometimes because of "normally allowed learning" of "social movements" that "sometimes are wrong". All food can be genetically modified to be better quality. And Anti Plant Genetics (possibly chosing other names for Plant Academics/Academia/…), Groups have furthered this.
    Also, some companies further Non-GMO/GMO conflict by having "chain owned" and "private owned" stores "choose" if they have "GMO" Food andor "Not GMO Food" and "GMO" food is sometimes sabotaged as being "previously digested", and "this is how Genetic Alteration could ever truly be achieved". Many "fight" based on the theory that "all words change" and force others to be "leaders" and "choosers" in pre-planned sometimes "model combat" to appear to have "led" others violent actions. Sometimes merely asking a Politician (usually fake named and cloned) andor saying any phrase out loud andor writing it down then results in being targeted by this framing "movement".
    "Whole Foods" is sometimes sabotaged by "GMO" and "Farm to Table" Movements that are truly all inferior, and sometimes used by those seeking "battle" and "fighting".
    Also is using Korean and Asian "Religions" and "Emotive Language" to force others to appear to be "expressing" "facial expressions" and other "gestures" that "further their "cause" andor "narrative"".
    Sometimes also uses these "movements" to "evidence" the "inferiority" of "medicine" including Dentistry, Perodistry, Orthodonistry, Chiropractic, and many other named "fields".
    Also, merely used to create conflict of any kind, usually to thieve time, money, property, and land.

  51. You made me laugh a lot! But besides that, great presentation! Well listed and explained points! Thank you very much! I was leaning towards only eating organic until I saw this video and other things!

  52. i take exception to the statement on the screen at 4:30 Hank. when you refer to non-organic as "regular" food. it's only been "regular" since WW2. "regular"used to be what we now call organic! you do make some good points otherwise.

  53. Slightly disturbed by this. You either know this is political in tone or you're a bit of an idiot. I'm not an absolutist by nature so I think it's a little of both.
    Otherwise, absolutely love your work.
    Hey, everyone is entitled to a bad opinion 😉

  54. I come to sci show so that Hank Green can think for me because, geeze, it's a lot of effort to think for myself.

  55. So, you think that higher amounts of nutrients in food makes them healthier? Why don't you just eat pure nutrients and skip the food altogether?

  56. Organic foods come with environmental benefits? Like lower crop yields per acre/hectare thus requiring more land to grow? Do the environmental benefits include higher pesticide usage instead of pest-resistant G.M.O. crops? All crops are irradiated by the sun.

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